The process of water softening is the reduction of the concentration of calcium, magnesium, and certain other little metal parts in hard water. These concentrations can vary from area to area. The so called hardness ions can cause a variety of undesired effects including interfering with the action of soaps, the buildup of limescale, which can foul plumbing, and galvanic corrosion. The calcium and magnesium particles build up on the insides of pipes, water heaters or any other water device. Scale reduces flow through pipes and is a poor conductor of heat. Eventually, pipes can become completely clogged.
To prevent the clogging of machinery or the malfunctioning of heat conductors, a waterverzachters is used. Conventional water-softening appliances intended for household use depend on an ion-exchange resin in which hardness ions are exchanged for sodium ions. Water softening may be desirable where the source of water is hard since it converts the hardness ions and protects your equipment. Not all water sources have the same concentration of hardness ions. Each area has its own degree of hard water since the concentration of calcium and magnesium particles may differ. And even though the Belgium’s tap water is believed to be drinkable, it is considered to be healthier to drink only when it is filtered by a water softener to avoid discomfort.
Some people are not immediately convince of a water softener’s purpose since it takes a while before your equipment starts showing signs a hard water corrosion. It does not matter whether you have bought expensive machinery because sooner or later each device, which frequently comes into contact with water, will show symptoms cause by hard water. For example: electrical equipment shuts down, shower walls become dull, taps which start leaking and so on. The cause of these discomforts is the same, galvanic corrosion cause by hard water.
Fortunately, thanks to water softeners most of the discomforts mentioned above can be fixed. When you place a water-softening appliance directly onto your incoming water pipe most of the hardness ions will be removed. Installing a water-softening appliance is a delicate job and is best left to professionals. A professional installers will be able to install, set up and maintenance the device. Hiring a professional is not only easier but also safer because in the end you are working with water you might drink and a wrong set up can have major health consequences.
There are different types of waterontharders available but most of them operate on a basis of special plastic beads. Those beads extract the calcium from the water and releases sodium ions. The filtered water will then flow through further water pipes through the hose. When the beads of a water softening appliance are satisfied it suffices to clear them with salt to get them operative once more.
Before you know what type of water softener to buy, you should consult the degree of hardness ions in your area. You should be able to find this information online depending on your district. Remember, hard water is around 7-10.5 GPG (120 – 180 mg/L), and very hard water is above that.